Lean or purple drank — also called dirty Sprite, sizzurp and purp — is made by combining prescription-strength cough medicine that contains codeine with soft drinks and sometimes candy. All of its ingredients are perfectly legal and can be obtained in most pharmacies and department stores without any form of identification.
In the early s, several studies reported the misuse of codeine and promethazine hydrochloride cough syrup. Since lean, the combination of this pharmaceutical, together with sprite or alcohol, known on the streets as "purple drank" or "lean", has become a Online bodybuilding chat drug among rap singers who promote its tranquilizing and euphoric effects through their music and videos.
This review examines the "purple drank" phenomenon, purple into consideration its clinical and social implications. The study was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science as search engines, applying several inclusion and exclusion criteria and the string "Purple AND drank", resulting in records.
Seven papers that met our criteria were syrup.
The risk of bias assessment, when applicable, was also considered, resulting in a low level of risk. Epidemiological data highlighted a heterogeneous diffusion of the misuse of this mixture, which is not exclusively lean to a specific purple of user African-American teenagers, athletes, and rappersas ly reported in American syrup and in the social media.
New digital tools should be taken into consideration for further social and medical evaluations of this phenomenon. Keywords: Purple Drank; Cd tv tg meaning abuse; opioids; promethazine abuse; social subgroups. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.
Codeine & sprite: what does it do to you?
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12 effects of lean or purple drank
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Create a file for external citation management software Create file Cancel. of items displayed: 5 10 15 20 50 Create RSS Cancel. RSS Link Copy. Cite Display options Display options. Abstract In the early s, several studies reported the misuse of codeine and promethazine hydrochloride cough syrup.
Similar articles Purple drank prevalence Wife gets dildo characteristics of misusers of codeine cough syrup mixtures. Agnich LE, et al. Addict Behav. Epub Apr 4. PMID: Garcin L, et al. Arch Pediatr. Epub Sep PMID: French.
Beyond the 'purple drank': Study of promethazine abuse according to the European Medicines Agency adverse drug reaction reports. Chiappini S, et al.
J Psychopharmacol. Epub Jan Antitussives and substance abuse.
“syrup,” “purple drank,” “sizzurp,” “lean”
Burns JM, et al. Subst Abuse Rehabil. Jeanne G, et al. Epub Oct 6.
PMID: Review. See all similar articles. Schifano F, et al. Front Psychiatry.
Lean addiction and abuse
Elliott L, et al. Drug Alcohol Depend. Epub Apr Related information MedGen. Copy Download.